Some argue – and they may be very right – that the amount of technology around us, and our understanding of that technology are hugely disproportionate. Computer-like devices are completely ubiquitous and most of us carry at least one with us at all times. However – and this may be credited to very skilled UI designers who have all but removed barriers to entry – as a global user and consumer base, we are losing a grasp on what makes our smartphones and computers tick.


Industrial Control Systems (ICS) are a big deal. They provide essential services for critical national or organizational infrastructure, and to compromise them means to compromise the continued security of these countries. They are responsible for the management of processes that, if not executed correctly, pose a significant risk to the health and safety of human lives.